Ch 6.2  Railroads Transform the Nation

The railroads linked the East to the West.

Trains carried raw materials such as lumber, livestock, and grain eastward.  In the east many raw materials they were made into finished goods.  In return, factories shipped their goods west. 

Trains brought precious supplies to settlers and hauled farmers’ crops to markets in the east.  Trains brought hunters, settlers and miners.


Chapter 6 – Section 2 Vocabulary

Transcontinental railroad– a railroad that goes across an entire continent.

Standard time– system that divided the country into 4 time zones.



BrainPop: Time Zones

What time is it here? In this BrainPOP movie, Tim and Moby teach you all about time zones! Discover just how many time zones there are, as well as why time can’t just be the same everywhere at once. As you find out how the globe is divided up, you’ll also be introduced to the concepts of longitude and latitude. Find out how many latitude lines run down the globe and which longitude line forms the basis of all time zones on Earth. You’ll also discover at what speed and in which direction the earth spins, and why the boundaries of some time zones are jagged. Don’t forget to set your watch!



The Main Idea:

  • The federal government wanted a transcontinental railroad built to encourage people to settle in the West and help develop its economy.
  • The government encouraged the building of the railroad by giving railroad companies 20 miles of land for every mile of track built.
  • Standard time was created because it was too hard to make train schedules when every community went by its own time.