Standard: Understands the impact of the Civil War on the country
After the Civil War, the Federal government gained MORE power.
They used this power to:
1. create income tax
2. make paper money
3. make a new federal banking system
4. Funded railroads
5. gave Western land to settlers
6. create / fund state colleges
13th Amendment – Banned Slavery
To be allowed back in the union, the southern states had to:
- Let all adult men vote
- Extend citizenship to African Americans
14th Amendment – Extended Citizenship to African Americans
15th Amendment – Protected the voting rights of African Americans (citizens could not be stopped from voting based on race, color or if they had been slaves).
The Southern economy was destroyed by the Civil War.
- The Union soldiers destroyed anything useful to the Confederate soldiers (railroads).
- Fields were damaged
- Confederate money was useless (because the North won).
- The value of cotton dropped. (They had to sell it for less money)
- There were fewer men to do the field work on farms.
After they were freed, African Americans still faced problems:
Read small blue book A Changing America -
Changes in the South pages 11-19
- In the Land of Jim Crow pages 49-59 (Leave tracks)