Ch 10    World War I


Understands the causes and impact of the United States’ role in World War I

 - Causes:  Zimmermann’s note, isolationism, make the world safe for democracy

 - Impact of :  doughboy, convoy

 -  League of Nations (Fourteen points) , Treaty of Versailles



Alliances 1914




History In Focus - 1910-1919


BrainPop on WWI

It was the war to end all wars. Or was it? In this BrainPOP movie, Tim and Moby introduce you to World War I. You’ll learn why it was called the Great War, and why there wasn’t very much “great” about it other than its size. You’ll learn about some new military technology used during this war and how it caused such incredible devastation. You’ll also find out what an alliance is and why they played such a large role in the war. Discover why the United States didn’t want to enter the war and what two events finally propelled the nation to join. Finally, you’ll discover how the end of WWI may have inadvertently caused WWII. No one likes losing!

Animated Map of World War I (to watch in class on day 2)


The MAIN Underlying Causes of WWI



Textbook Sections and Objectives:

SECTION 1 War Breaks Out in Europe

  1. To identify the causes of World War I
  2. To describe the stalemate in the trenches and the new technology used in the conflict
  3. To explain why the United States decided to join the Allies
  4. To describe how the Russian Revolution affected the war effort


SECTION 2 America Joins the Fight

  1. To describe how the United States developed and deployed its armed forces
  2. To summarize the effects of American entry into the war
  3. To explain how U.S. troops helped the Allies push back the Germans
  4. To describe how the war ended


SECTION 3 Life on the Home Front

  1. To describe how Americans mobilized for war
  2. To analyze the effects of wartime propaganda in the United States
  3. To explain the causes of the Great Migration
  4. To summarize the impact of the 1918 flu epidemic


SECTION 4 The Legacy of World War I

  1. To summarize Wilson's Fourteen Points
  2. To describe the Treaty of Versailles
  3. To identify the reasons for the Red Scare
  4. To explain why racial tensions increased in the postwar period



Chapter 10 – section 1

militarism – the belief that a nation needs a large military force

Central powers– an alliance of Austria-Hungary, Germany, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria

allies– an alliance of Serbia, Russia, France, Great Britain, Italy, and seven other countries


Trench warfare fighting from protected ditches

U-boat  - well armed German submarine

Woodrow Wilson – US president during World War I

Neutrality – refusal to take sides in a war

Zimmermann telegram – message proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico














Chapter 10 – Section 2

John J. Pershing–  commander of the US forces in Europe

American Expeditionary Force– US troops in World War I

Convoy system– system using battleships to escort merchant ships for protection

Second Battle of the Marne – turning point in the war, in which allies stopped Germany’s advancing

Alvin York – American war hero who killed 25 German soldiers and captured 132

armistice– an end to fighting



Chapter 10 – Section 3

War bonds – low interest loans by citizens to the gov’t

propaganda – material produced to influence others

Espionage Act – law that had harsh penalties for antiwar activities



Sedition Act – an addition to the Espionage Act that outlawed more antiwar activities

Oliver Wendell Holmes –Supreme Court Justice.

Great Migration  - movement of many African Americans to northern cities from the South in the early 1900s

Chapter 10 – Section 4

Fourteen points – Wilson’s plan for world peace following WW I

League of nations – an org. set up to settle international conflicts through negotiation

Treaty of Versailles – the 1919 treaty that ended WW I

Reparations – money that a defeated nation pays for the destruction caused by a war

Red Scare – panic in America caused by the fear of communism

Palmer raids – gov’t raids on citizens suspected of being radicals



Explore this WWI TIMELINE


The Lusitania


ARTICLE:  Lusitania (PBS Online)


"When the Lusitania Went Down" (Song Lyrics)


Lusitania (


WWI Firsts (1:18)


Trench Warfare (1:14)


U-Boats Sink the Lusitania in 1915 and related media

World War 1

Chapter 10

Effects on the


Effects on the

United States

a. Millions of military deaths and injuries

a.  U.S. soldiers sent abroad

b.  Russian Revolution

b.  Civilian sacrifices

c.  Spread of flu epidemic

c.  political repression and anti-German prejudice


d.  Breakup of European empires

d.  New job opportunities for women and minorities

e.  Lasting resentments among European countries

e.  Great Migration and racial tensions



WWI  Project Guidelines


4 Sections


4 multiple choice questions per section

            4 possible answers (a. , b., c., d.)

            Answers must all be possible, but one can be humorous

            “All of the Above” & “None of the Above” are not allowed.

            Extra points:  Provide an interesting “did you know” fact. 1 per section.       


WWI Project Rubric



USH G2:  Understands the causes and impact of the United States’ role in World War I

  • Causes: 
  •    Zimmermann’s note, isolationism, make the world safe for democracy
  •  Impact of :  AEF, convoy
  • (4)League of Nations (Fourteen points) , Treaty of Versailles



Check out Mikko's WWI Jeopardy Game Review.  Give it a try!


Student Created Projects about WWI

 Helena B