Ch 13 WWII

World War II, or the Second World War (often abbreviated as WWII or WW2), was a global war that was under way by 1939 and ended in 1945.

Social Studies – Chapter 13 Unit Test Study Guide

Printable Version


Terms and Names


Island Hopping


Bracero Program

War Production Board



Battle of Midway

Manhattan Project

Pearl Harbor

United Nations

Rosie the Riveter


Lend-Lease Act

Battle of the Bulge


Axis Powers

Japanese-American Internment


Yalta Conference


Be able to place the following events in order from first to last:

 Atomic bomb dropped on Japan         

Battle of Midway    

Attack on Pearl Harbor


Battle of the Bulge  

 United States declares war  


Match the following people with their country or their accomplishments:

Adolf Hitler                                      

Benito Mussolini       

Franklin D. Roosevelt          

Harry Truman                                              

Rosie the Riveter     

 Joseph Stalin

Winston Churchill



Answer this question in complete sentences:

Less than 10% of concentration camp prisoners survived the Holocaust. Describe things they might have done to help their odds of survival in the camps. 


Causes of WWII PowerPoint


BrainPop Videos

Causes of WWII

World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history--and in this movie from BrainPOP, you’ll find out exactly why it happened. You’ll discover what fascism is and why some people saw it as a good alternative to democracy. You’ll hear all about Adolf Hitler, the tyrannical Nazi dictator, and how his thirst for more territory was appeased--and then opposed--by the leaders of Britain and France. You’ll also learn about the territorial ambitions of Imperial Japan, and how they led to the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The causes of World War II are many and complex, but watching this movie will give you a good idea of why the war happened.



War is everyone’s problem. In this BrainPOP movie, Tim and Moby will teach you about how almost the whole world got involved in World War II. You’ll find out who fought in WWII and on what sides each country was on. You’ll learn which countries were part of the Axis Powers and which countries fought as the Allies. Discover who the major aggressor of the war was, who the Nazis were, and how the war began. You’ll also learn about the role the United States played before it entered the war, as well as when and why the U.S. finally did enter. Finally, you’ll see who won the war, and how and when it ended. Let’s try to keep nuclear weapons out of it next time, OK?

United Nations


Anne Frank

Eleanor Roosevelt


Adolf Hitler

Hiroshima and Nagasaki






The Holocaust


The History of Antisemitism

In order to understand the Holocaust, is it helpful to explore the foundations of 
antisemitism. Antisemitism is the unfounded hatred of Jews because they are Jews. That 
hatred has had a long history in Europe and beyond. In earlier times, Jews were subject to 
discrimination and persecution because they refused to accept the religion of the majority. 
Jews who converted, or so Christians claimed, were no longer considered outsiders; they 
belonged. In the 1800s, a new form of antisemitism emerged. It was based on the false 
notion that humans are divided into separate and distinct “races,” and therefore people born 
as Jews, regardless of their religious beliefs, belonged to an evil and dangerous “race.” 
Jews were now considered permanent outsiders. 
In times of crisis, Jews and other minorities have always been at risk, and the upheavals 
after World War I and the worldwide depression that began in the 1930s were no 
exceptions. In such times, many people are attracted to simple answers to complex 
problems. Those answers often place the blame for the crisis on the “other” in the society. 
Antisemitism rose in nearly every nation in Europe and the Americas during those crises.


Lowry, Lois. Number The Stars. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Books, 1990
*Ten-year-old Annemarie Hohansen and her best friend, Ellen Rosen, have to deal with the terrors and dangers associated with the Nazi Party, and food shortages. Ellen, a Jew, moves in with the Johansen family and pretends to be a part of the family, when the Nazis start "relocating" Jews in Denmark. Lois Lowry has been awarded a Newbery Medal for this novel, which is a major accomplishment. I remember reading this novel when I was in fifth grade, which was about twelve years ago. For me, this novel is still a great read, very compelling, and I will never forget this story. Everyone should read this novel!

Yolen, Jane. The Devil’s Arithmetic. New York: Puffin, 1990.
*In this novel, Yolen attempts to answer those who question why the Holocaust should be remembered. Hannah, 12, is tired of remembering, and is embarrassed by her grandfather, who rants and raves at the mention of the Nazis. During a Passover Seder, Hannah is chosen to open the door to welcome the prophet Elijah. As she does so, she is transported to a village in Poland in the 1940s, where everyone thinks that she is Chaya, who has just recovered from a serious illness. She is captured by the Nazis and taken to a death camp, where she is befriended by a young girl named Rivka, who teaches her how to fight the dehumanizing processes of the camp and hold onto her identity. Through Hannah, with her memories of the present and the past, Yolen does a fine job of illustrating the importance of remembering. She adds much to children's understanding of the effects of the Holocaust, which will reverberate throughout history always.

Frank, Anne. The Diary of A Young Girl. New York: Bantam, 1993.
*The journal of a Jewish girl in her early teens describes both the joys and torments of daily life, as well as typical adolescent thoughts, throughout her two years spent in hiding with her family during the Nazi occupation of Holland.




WWII: The Homefront


Video Overview:

US History Overview 3 - WWII to Vietnam

World War II, Hitler, Cold War, Bay of Pigs, Cuban Missile Crisis and the Space Race