Ch 5.1

SECTION 1 Miners, Ranchers, and Cowhands

  1. To describe the geography and population of the West
  2. To explain how mining in the West led to settlement
  3. To describe the cattle industry
  4. To analyze how law and order was established in the West

Miners, Ranchers & Cowhands

Main Idea:  Miners, Ranchers, and cowhands steeled in the West seeking economic opportunities.

  • In 1859 miners found gold and silver in Colorado and Nevada.  This drew as many as 100,000 miners to the West.
  • In The population of Virginia City, Nevada jumped from 3,000 people in the 1860s to over 20,000 in the 1870s.
  • Gold fever attracted miners from Europe, South America, Mexico, and China.
  • Miners, Ranchers, and cowhands moved out to live in the west to find jobs.
  • The area outside of the country’s towns and cities was called the frontier.
  • White people began to move out to the frontier.  The railroads played a huge part in this process.
  • Trains brought natural resources from the west out east.   They also brought miners, ranchers, and cowhands out west to build up the land.