(you are expected to spell all of these words correctly in all subjects at all times)
- Spelling Games -
How to Play:
The computer will give twenty sets of four words.
Place a check next to the word which is spelled wrong.
Spell the word you checked correctly in the box.
If you get all twenty problems correct, you can put your name on our leader board.
- Adding Prefixes -
Here are five things your learner needs to know about prefixes:
- Prefixes are word parts like pre- and un- which are added in front of base words. Teach common prefixes like re, non, un, mis, over, pre, and semi.
- We just add the prefix to the word-we don't change the prefix or the base word. Prefixes are much simpler to deal with than suffixes, which often require a change to the base word.
- The spelling of the prefix never changes. For example, if you learn to spell the prefix poly, as in polygon, you can depend on poly to be spelled the same in the words polygraph, polyester, and polygram.
- Be aware that double letters can occur. If you add the prefix un to natural, you'll get unnatural with a double n. That is correct.
- Watch out for prefix look-alikes. Some words contain the same string of letters as a prefix, but they actually aren't prefixes. The un in uncle is not a prefix, for example.
Prefixes are simple to learn and once your student has mastered them, many of those longer words won't be tricky anymore!
- There are two types of suffixes:-consonant suffixes and vowel suffixes. Very simply, consonant suffixes start with a consonant (as in ly and ful) and vowel suffixes start with a vowel ( as in ed and ing).
- Consonant suffixes can be added directly to the base word. No changes need to be made to the base word-just add the suffix. Glad + ness equals gladness.
When adding a vowel suffix, we sometimes need to double the last letter of the base word. This is where kids get confused-they simply don't know when the last letter needs to be doubled. Luckily, there are some reliable rules:
- The 1-1-1 Rule: Double the consonant before adding a vowel suffix if the base word has ONE syllable, ONE vowel, and ONE consonant at the end. An example is winning.
- The 2-1-1- Rule: If you have a TWO-syllable word ending in ONE vowel followed by ONE consonant, double the final consonant IF the last syllable is accented. An example is forgetting.
- Don't double the letters x and w before adding a suffix.
- Change the y to i before adding a suffix...unless the suffix begins with an i. This rule doesn't apply if y is part of a vowel team, such as oy, ay, or ey.
- Drop Silent E before adding a vowel suffix, unless the e is needed to soften a c or a g. Therefore, drop the e in words like taking, but keep the e in words like manageable.
You can see that adding suffixes is more complex than adding prefixes. It's not difficult-but there are some basic things that the learner needs to understand. Otherwise, he will keep making the same spelling errors over and over.
Be sure that you have a systematic way to cover the rules for adding suffixes. Armed with this knowledge, your student will be unstoppable!