Metaphor- a comparison of two things not using ‘like or as’


            Example: You are my knight in shinning armor.


Simile- a comparison of two things using ‘like or as’


            Example: The calm girl is as cool as a cucumber.


Personification- giving human qualities to something not human


            Example: The sun smiled down on the town.


Hyperbole- Exaggeration


            Example: I could listen to that song forever.


Idiom- a common saying that means more than the words themselves say


            Example: You can’t take it with you.