Metaphor- a comparison of two things not using ‘like or as’
Example: You are my knight in shinning armor.
Simile- a comparison of two things using ‘like or as’
Example: The calm girl is as cool as a cucumber.
Personification- giving human qualities to something not human
Example: The sun smiled down on the town.
Example: I could listen to that song forever.
Idiom- a common saying that means more than the words themselves say
Example: You can’t take it with you.