Ch 6 An Industrial Society 1861-1914
How did a little bit of steam transform the world? Find out in this BrainPOP movie, as Tim and Moby introduce you to the Industrial Revolution! You’ll learn when the Industrial Revolution took place, and what type of society was present in most of the world before the revolution. Discover the three inventions that jump-started the first Industrial Revolution, as well as in which country much of the revolution took place. You’ll also find out how pressure to keep up led to the invention of two important innovations in the United States. Next, you’ll learn where the second Industrial Revolution mostly took place, and which four inventions transformed communication and transportations systems. Plus, see what oil had to do with it, and how all this new industry had a negative side. Whatever the costs, our world would be really different without it!
- Plentiful natural resources
large supplies of water
minerals (coal, iron, copper, silver, gold)
- Growing population
- Improved transportation
Shipping items quickly was easier to do
- High Immigration
Added to the labor force
- New inventions
Items could be made quicker and better and cheaper
- Government assistance
Government would give land for businesses to open, tariffs, and subsidies to help businesses grow.
Video: The American Industrial Revolution (27:23)
Video: The Industrial Revolution
Video: The Transcontinental Railroad
The railroads brought many changes to the United States.
- The railroads linked the East to the West.
- Trains carried raw materials such as lumber, livestock, and grain eastward. There they were made into finished goods.
- In return, factories shipped their goods west.
- Trains brought precious supplies to settlers and hauled farmers’crops to markets in the east.
- Trains brought hunters, settlers and miners.
- Railroads allowed many people to live where they wanted (for different reasons: hunting, mining, settle on new land).
- Native Americans were forced to move off of their land when the railroad companies took over their land.
The Gilded Ages
when a few people were very wealthy. These people seemed to mask the real problems of society (corrupt politics and widespread poverty).
An era of the late 1800s; a time of fabulous wealth for a few Americans. To gild means to coat an object with gold leaf. Just as gold leaf can disguise an object of lesser value, so did the wealth of a few people mask society’s problems including corrupt politics and widespread poverty.