Ch 5

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USH-F1  Understands the significant changes caused by the industrialization, urbanization, and population growth in the United States during the late 19th century

   -Growing disparity between rich and poor, monopolies, growth of labor unions

   -Immigration and child labor  (How is it decided who gets in )

   -Population Growth: Fear of foreigners , westward expansion, Indian relocation

   -U.S Imperialism (Philippines, Hawaii, Roosevelt Corollary)

 

(This section focuses on population growth, westward expansion and Indian relocation.)

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Read:

Challenges In The West _ Why It Matters Now

 

 

 

Watch:

 

Summary: Settlers were encouraged to move westward after the Civil War by federal legislation such as the Homestead Act, which gave 160 acres of land to American citizens who were committed to settling on the land and who could pay the $10 registration fee. However, farming on the plains proved much more difficult than many settlers thought it would be. Thousands of blacks moved west after the Civil War to escape life in the South; mining, ranching, and lumbering also attracted settlers to the West. This westward expansion greatly affected the lives of Native Americans, who were removed to Oklahoma and South Dakota. Farmers in the West began to organize; Farmers' Alliances and the Grange were established to protect farmers' rights. The 1893 Turner Thesis (a well-known theory promulgated by a distinguished historian) proposed the idea that settlers had to become more adaptable and innovative as they moved westward and that these characteristics slowly became ingrained into the very fabric of American society. (Education.com)

♫  ♫    ♫   ♫   ♫    ♫    ♫  Sing it!  ♫  ♫    ♫   ♫   ♫    ♫    ♫ 
Westward Expansion Rap

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Gold Rush and Westward Expansion

 

Notes:

- Many diverse people settled in the West -

Group

Contribution

Women

Teachers

Farm helpers

Gamblers

Servants

Seamstresses

Outlaws

Sheriffs

Laundry

Ran boarding houses

Ran dance halls

Allowed to vote in some areas

Mexicans

Cow hands

Taught ranching skills

African Americans

Served in the U.S. Army

Farm hands

Chinese

Built railroads

 

 

Factors that led to growth of cities in the West:

  • Gold and silver strikes
  • Railroads

 

Effects of the American settlement in the Southwest had on Mexicanos:

  • They lost economic and political power
  • Many also lost land

 

Groups that promoted the myth of the west:

  • Authors (writers)
  • artists
  • actors

 

Groups that played a roll in settling the West:

  • Mexicanos
  • African Americans,
  • Chinese Immigrants
  • Women
  • Government

 

 CH 5 Class Zone  

Research Sites

Quiz Yourself

 

 

People in the West

This interactive biographical dictionary provides concise profiles of the men and women featured in THE WEST, as well as information about many individuals who are mentioned only in passing. In most cases, the profiles offer additional details about the lives of these historical figures, together with some comment on their significance for historians.

 

Task:

Create a Poster with a small group

Activity:  

  • You are executives at the Pioneer Advertising Agency. 
  • Your job is to create posters and slogans that can be used to attract immigrants or Americans from the East to the Great Plains. 
  • Select a target audience for your campaign, such as Swedes, Russians, or African Americans in the South. 

Create an advertisement that focuses on the economic opportunities, the richness of the soil, or other potential rewards of settlement. 

 

Move West Poster rubric

Student Name ___________________  _____________________________________

  • TASK:  Create an advertisement that focuses on the economic opportunities, the richness of the soil, or other potential rewards of settlement.   Posters and slogans were used to attract immigrants or Americans from the East to the Great Plains. 
  • Select a target audience for your campaign, such as Swedes, Russians, or African Americans in the South. 

 

 

CATEGORY

4

3

2

1

Required Elements

The poster includes all required elements as well as additional information.

All required elements are included on the poster.

All but 1 of the required elements are included on the poster.

Several required elements were missing.

Labels

All items of importance on the poster can be read from at least 3 ft. away.

Almost all items of importance on the poster can be read from at least 3 ft. away.

Many items of importance on the poster can be read from at least 3 ft. away.

Labels are too small to view OR are difficult to read.

Graphics - Relevance

All graphics are related to the topic and make it easier to understand. All borrowed graphics have a source citation.

All graphics are related to the topic and most make it easier to understand. Some borrowed graphics have a source citation.

All graphics relate to the topic. One or two borrowed graphics have a source citation.

Graphics do not relate to the topic OR several borrowed graphics do not have a source citation.

Attractiveness

The poster is exceptionally attractive in terms of design, layout, and neatness.

The poster is attractive in terms of design, layout and neatness.

The poster is acceptably attractive though it may be a bit messy.

The poster is distractingly messy or very poorly designed. It is not attractive.

Grammar

There are no grammatical/mechanical mistakes on the poster.

There are 1-2 grammatical/mechanical mistakes on the poster.

There are 3-4 grammatical/mechanical mistakes on the poster.

There are more than 4 grammatical/mechanical mistakes on the poster.

 

The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1880

Chinese Exclusion Act PBS

 

The Chinese Exclusion act was imposed to exclude Chinese from migrating to the United States. The government felt that Chinese laborers were a threat to order in certain localities. The law stated that for the next ten years the Chinese laborers were suspended from coming into the United States. If people were caught bringing Chinese into the country they would be fined five hundred dollars per head that was brought in and /or imprisoned but not for more then a year. Vessels landing on American soil could not have Chinese on them and if they did they were not allowed leave any of them behind or let them step off the boat. All Chinese laborers that came in after November 17, 1880 were to be deported. All the Chinese that were in then U.S. before this date were registered and given certificates that had their names, age, occupation, physical markings on their bodies and more.

(Summary by Haafiza Manji and Bob Utama)

http://library.uwb.edu/guides/usimmigration/1882_chinese_exclusion_act.html

 

See page 215 in your text book for more information.